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Chittorgarh Tourism Guide|
Chittorgarh Tourism GuideChittorgarh is that
township of Rajputs that has embossed its name in Indian history as a state that
keeps its pride, honor and respect before death. It had set an example before
the world that one should sacrifice ones life before accepting disrepute and slavery.
It was not just the kings but also the queens, who portrayed immense courage,
chivalry and gallant before a superior empire.
Chittor was attacked thrice by superior armies and each time the rulers fought
till their last breadth to save their turf from being taken over. When Ala-ud-din
Khilji came to claim Rajput princess Padmini as his own wife, all the women along
with the princess immolated themselves in a mass suicide preferring death over
dishonor. The Chittorgarh Fort in the heart of the city is the
main attraction here, which will take you in the time machine to the days of battles,
romance and sacrifice of the Rajputs.
Chittorgarh has its name mentioned in the great Hindu epic Mahabharata
as a place where the mightiest Pandava, Bhim, struck the surface so hard that
water came gushing from the ground, to take the form of a reservoir. Between 8th
and 16th century the town remained under the Sisodia empire of the Rajputs. The
main architectural edifice of the town, the Chittorgarh Fort,
was built during this time perios by Sisodia king Bappa Rawal.
in 1303, when the town saw its greatest of battles and sacrifices, when Ala-ud-din
Khilji sieged the fort to captivate the beautiful queen Padmini. But Padmini chose
to die with dignity rather than to live with dishonor and committed mass suicide
with other women and children in an act called Jauhar.
Again in 1535,
a superior army attacked the town. This time it was Bahadur Shah, the emperor
of Gujarat. The Rajput men and women came forward in large numbers to fight with
chivalry before declaring Jauhar. The final attack took place in 1568, when Mughal
emperor Akbar sacked the fort. Like always, the Rajputs didn't deter to put their
whole strength to drive off their enemies. But finally, jauhar was performed again.
Though this time Maharaja Udai Singh II fled to form his empire in Udaipur. In
1616, the town was returned to its original rulers by Akbar's son Jahangir.
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